Laryngitis is a common medical condition characterized by inflammation and swelling of the larynx (voice box). The majority of cases are caused by common viruses, infections, or overuse of your voice.
Signs and Symptoms
Laryngitis may occur at the same time or a couple of days after you have had a sore throat. Once the infection has cleared up, laryngitis can persist for a few weeks afterwards. Although Laryngitis is not usually considered a serious health concern, it can at times be an indication of laryngeal cancer. The following symptoms definitely warrant a visit to an ear, nose, and throat specialist:
- A sore throat accompanied by a fever
- Coughing up yellow or green phlegm (possibly bacterial sinusitis or bronchitis)
- Coughing up blood
- Difficulty swallowing liquids
- Previous history of throat and/or breathing problems
- Symptoms continuing for two to three weeks regardless of voice rest
- Unexplained loss of weight
- Discomfort or pain of the throat
- Associated neck swelling
Symptoms and signs of common laryngitis include the following:
- Sensation of having a “tickle in your throat”
- An urge to constantly clear your throat
- Low grade fever
If your child only has hoarseness, either with or without accompanying symptoms, like a mild fever (under 100.5 F), muscle aches, runny nose, nasal congestion or cough, their laryngitis should be treated in the same manner as an adult case. However, if your child has a high fever, sore throat, refuses to eat/drink and in the case of an infant has fewer wet diapers than normal (possible dehydration), you should take them to the emergency department immediately.
Some symptoms can be extremely serious and actually life threatening. In these cases, you or your child should proceed immediately to the nearest emergency room or call 911:
- Difficulty breathing
- Sensation that the throat is closing up
- Unable to swallow properly
- Can only breathe sitting in an upright position
- Whistling sound in the throat when breathing
Causes and Concerns
Typically, laryngitis results from a virus or using your voice too much. It can also develop from a bacterial throat infection. Bacterial and viral cases of laryngitis are quite contagious. On very rare occasions, laryngitis infections can be caused by more serious conditions like fungal infections, tuberculosis or syphilis. A patient with a persistent case of laryngitis should see an ear, nose, and throat specialist to rule out the possibility of a tumor, which could prove to be cancerous. Anyone who smokes or consumes alcohol is at a higher risk for throat cancers.
Solutions and Options
The majority of the time, you or your child can be evaluated by your doctor with a physical examination. He or she will concentrate on the throat, nose, ears and neck. In the case of your child, if they have severe symptoms, your doctor may send them for a chest and neck x-ray. A thorough examination of the throat may be performed with a small, lighted scope that is guided through the nose to the throat, after the nose is frozen with local anaesthetic.
This procedure takes a few minutes but it can provide important information concerning the condition of the laryngeal nerve controlling movements of the vocal cords. On occasion, an ear, nose, and throat specialist might draw blood for a complete blood count (CBC) specimen.
If symptoms have only lasted for a few days or come on after overusing the voice, the main treatment is to try to rest the voice for as long as possible as well as drinking lots of fluids. If you or your child display symptoms of viral infection (i.e. low fever, cough, congested or runny nose), then you need to drink lots of fluids and take either Tylenol (acetaminophen) or Advil (ibuprofen) to relieve these symptoms.
You or your child may also want to try inhaling steam from a hot bath/shower or using a cool mist humidifier to help ease symptoms. Generally speaking, the above home treatments should cure or improve the laryngitis. If the laryngitis lingers, make an appointment to see a specialist. He/she may prescribe antibiotics if an accompanying bacterial infection is suspected.
It is extremely important to the overall health and wellbeing of your entire family to never ignore serious medical symptoms, such as persistent laryngitis. If you have some of these symptoms, our caring health professionals can offer solutions to you.
Call us at 817-595-3700 to schedule an appointment.
Additional Reading: http://www.emedicinehealth.com/laryngitis/article_em.htm